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    General Information
    Region    Northern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   10 160a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   24.8a
    Capital city    Stockholm
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 608.0c,b
    UN membership date    19-Nov-46
    Surface area (km2)   438 574b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   100.4a
    National currency    Swedish Krona (SEK)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   8.2d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)495 813505 104530 884b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)64.51.3b
    GDP per capita (current US$)52 801.251 726.252 896.0b
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)1.91.61.6b
    Economy: Industryf,g (% of Gross Value Added)2724.825b
    Economy: Services and other activityh (% of GVA)71.173.573.4b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)2.121.6i,d
    Employment in industry (% of employed)19.918.317.7i,d
    Employment in services (% employed)7879.780.7i,d
    Unemploymenti (% of labour force)8.67.46.7d
    Labour force participation ratei (female/male pop. %)59.0 / 67.460.7 / 67.461.4 / 67.7d
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100104111d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)91102100b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)158 411140 001155 608d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)148 788138 361149 792d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)9 6221 6415 816d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)29 19616 75028 188d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratej (average annual %)0.80.80.7d
    Urban population (% of total population)85.186.687.7b
    Urban population growth ratej (average annual %)0.91.1...
    Fertility rate, totalj (live births per woman)1.91.91.8d
    Life expectancy at birthj (females/males, years)83.1 / 79.083.8 / 80.084.4 / 80.8d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)16.5 / 24.917.3 / 25.217.7 / 26.1a
    International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)1 337.2 / 14.21 602.5 / 16.42 003.9 / 19.8d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)110.8k225.5304.3d
    Infant mortality ratej (per 1 000 live births)2.62.42d
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)8.310.810.9l
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)3.84.24.3m
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)6.57.47.6m
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)101.2 / 101.7125.5 / 120.5129.8 / 127.6l
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)97.6 / 98.6150.0 / 131.5156.7 / 147.0l
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)99.1 / 100.5179.1 / 149.2194.7 / 175.6l
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)11.11.1l
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)46.443.647n
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)90o90.694.5b
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)3.2i3.2p3.3i,l
    Threatened species (number)2936104
    Forested area (% of land area)68.468.768.7l
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)46.8 / 5.037.7 / 3.832.5 / 3.2b
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)1 3541 4001 502l
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)225188206l
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)5 1836 4827 440l
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)57.358.159.1d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)94.8 / 88.795.3 / 89.995.5 / 90.6d
    Net Official Development Assist. disbursedq (% of GNI)0.971.41.02m
Data provided by UNdata