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    General Information
    Region    Caribbean
    Population (000, 2021)   11 318a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   106.3a
    Capital city    Havana
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   2 138.4b
    UN membership date    24-Oct-45
    Surface area (km2)   109 884b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   98.6a
    National currency    Cuban Peso (CUP)c
    Exchange rate (per US$)   1d,e
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)64 32887 206105 355b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)2.44.42b
    GDP per capita (current US$)5 730.47 700.49 295.9b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)3.73.93.9b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)23.122.624.3b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)73.273.571.8b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)18.618.6f17.3f,e
    Employment in industry (% of employed)17.117.1f16.8f,e
    Employment in services (% employed)64.364.3f65.9f,e
    Unemploymentf (% of labour force)2.52.41.6e
    Labour force participation ratef (female/male pop. %)42.0 / 68.441.6 / 67.140.5 / 66.7e
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)8610088b
    International trade: exportsf (million current US$)4 9143 618573e
    International trade: importsf (million current US$)11 48812 6386 580e
    International trade: balancef (million current US$)- 6 574- 9 020- 6 008e
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateg (average annual %)-0.10.2~0.0e
    Urban population (% of total population)76.676.977.1b
    Urban population growth rateg (average annual %)0.20.3...
    Fertility rate, totalg (live births per woman)1.61.71.6e
    Life expectancy at birthg (females/males, years)80.1 / 76.180.4 / 76.580.7 / 76.7e
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)17.7 / 17.316.7 / 19.415.7 / 22.0a
    International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)7.4 / 0.14.6 / ~0.03.0 / ~0.0e
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)0.4h0.30.3e
    Infant mortality rateg (per 1 000 live births)5.34.84.5e
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)10.712.811.2i
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)6.87.88.4i
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)12.8......
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)100.2 / 102.696.5 / 102.3101.0 / 104.6b
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)92.4 / 92.199.1 / 96.7100.9 / 99.8b
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)91.1 / 88.8101.2 / 91.4110.9 / 102.3b
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)4.55.55j
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)43.248.953.4k
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)15.9l37.368b
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.60.40.5i
    Threatened species (number)304337388
    Forested area (% of land area)27.5f30.631.2f,i
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)29.5 / 2.626.8 / 2.424.4 / 2.2i
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)200212f197f,i
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)454133i
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national bordersm (000)2 5073 5064 684i
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)51.254.554.5e
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)32.9 / 54.632.6 / 52.832.4 / 51.0e
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)0.210.65...
Data provided by UNdata