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    General Information
    Region    Eastern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   43 467a,b
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   75a,b
    Capital city    Kyiv
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   2 973.3c
    UN membership date    24-Oct-45
    Surface area (km2)   603 500c
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   86.4a,b
    National currency    Hryvnia (UAH)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   28.3d,e
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic productd (million current US$)136 01291 031153 781c
    GDP growth rated (annual %, const. 2015 prices)0.3-9.83.2c
    GDP per capitad (current US$)2 970.22 026.43 495.5c
    Economy: Agriculturef (% of Gross Value Added)8.414.210.5c
    Economy: Industryd,g,h (% of Gross Value Added)29.325.626.2c
    Economy: Services and other activityi (% of GVA)62.360.263.3c
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)20.315.314.1j,e
    Employment in industry (% of employed)25.724.724.8j,e
    Employment in services (% employed)546061.1j,e
    Unemploymentj (% of labour force)8.19.18.9e
    Labour force participation ratej (female/male pop. %)48.4 / 63.047.4 / 63.646.5 / 62.8e
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100180290e
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)7897109c
    International trade: exportsd (million current US$)51 43038 12749 231e
    International trade: importsd (million current US$)60 73737 51653 675e
    International trade: balanced (million current US$)- 9 307611- 4 444e
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 3 0165 0355 207e
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratea,k (average annual %)-0.5-0.4-0.5e
    Urban populationa (% of total population)68.669.169.5c
    Urban population growth ratea,k (average annual %)-0.2-0.4...
    Fertility rate, totala,k (live births per woman)1.41.51.4e
    Life expectancy at birtha,k (females/males, years)73.8 / 62.275.8 / 65.876.6 / 66.8e
    Population age distributiona (0-14/60+ years old, %)14.1 / 21.015.3 / 22.215.9 / 24.0b
    International migrant stocka (000/% of total pop.)4 818.8 / 10.54 915.1 / 10.94 997.4 / 11.4e
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)46.4l1 426.62 454.1e
    Infant mortality ratea,k (per 1 000 live births)12.68.87.2e
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)6.87.87.7m
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)3.53n...
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)7.3o5.9n5.4p
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)99.1 / 98.5100.1 / 98.0n... / ...
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)94.4 / 96.7j95.0 / 96.9n... / ...
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)76.4 / 83.6j89.0 / 96.6n... / ...
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)4.36.3n6.2p
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)811.820.8q
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)23.348.9r62.6m
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.80.6s0.5s,m
    Threatened species (number)6187134
    Forested area (% of land area)16.516.716.7m
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)266.6 / 5.8187.6 / 4.2d181.8 / 4.1d,m
    Energy production, primaryd (Petajoules)3 2382 5522 573m
    Energy supply per capitad (Gigajoules)1208490m
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)21 20312 42814 104m
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)21.321.721.7e
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)91.0 / 71.288.8 / 88.788.7 / 89.8e
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)46.1 / ...60.9 / ...68.9 / ...e
    Net Official Development Assist. receivedd (% of GNI)0.491.590.71c
Data provided by UNdata