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Official name:
Czech Republic
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Eastern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   10 725a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   138.8a
    Capital city    Prague
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 298.8b
    UN membership date    19-Jan-93
    Surface area (km2)   78 871b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   97.1a
    National currency    Czech Koruna (CZK)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   21.4c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)209 070188 033250 681b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)2.45.42.3b
    GDP per capita (current US$)19 842.417 736.623 451.7b
    Economy: Agricultured (% of Gross Value Added)1.72.52.1b
    Economy: Industrye,f (% of Gross Value Added)36.737.534.8b
    Economy: Services and other activityg (% of GVA)61.66063b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)3.12.92.6h,c
    Employment in industry (% of employed)383837.1h,c
    Employment in services (% employed)58.95960.2h,c
    Unemploymenth (% of labour force)7.351.9c
    Labour force participation rateh (female/male pop. %)49.2 / 68.051.4 / 68.252.8 / 68.2c
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100108120c
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)889793b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)132 141157 194192 305c
    International trade: imports (million current US$)125 691140 716170 678c
    International trade: balance (million current US$)6 45016 47821 627c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 7 3518458 845c
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratei (average annual %)0.50.10.2c
    Urban population (% of total population)73.373.573.9b
    Urban population growth ratei (average annual %)0.40.2...
    Fertility rate, totali (live births per woman)1.41.51.6c
    Life expectancy at birthi (females/males, years)80.1 / 73.881.2 / 75.181.8 / 76.5c
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)14.2 / 22.415.1 / 24.915.8 / 26.3a
    International migrant stockj (000/% of total pop.)398.5 / 3.8416.5 / 3.9540.9 / 5.1c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)3.5k55.3c
    Infant mortality ratei (per 1 000 live births)3.12.52.3c
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)6.97.27.6l
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)3.644.1b
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)4.15.83.9m
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)103.6 / 104.099.7 / 99.3100.8 / 100.2l
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)94.9 / 94.4105.6 / 104.6102.5 / 102.1l
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)92.9 / 91.6110.2 / 108.0108.1 / 107.2l
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)10.80.6m
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)15.51923n
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)68.8o75.780.9b
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)1.31.91.9p,l
    Threatened species (number)3345106
    Forested area (% of land area)34.434.634.6l
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)112.5 / 10.799.4 / 9.495.7 / 9.0b
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)1 3401 2071 154l
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)180166170l
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)8 62911 61914 283h,l
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)94.794.794.7c
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)97.7 / 96.498.0 / 97.798.0 / 97.7c
    Net Official Development Assist. disbursedq (% of GNI)0.130.120.15m
Data provided by UNdata