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Official name:
Somali Republic
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Eastern Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   16 360a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   26.1a
    Capital city    Mogadishu
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   2 179.9c,b
    UN membership date    20-Sep-60
    Surface area (km2)   637 657b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   99.4a
    National currency    Somali Shilling (SOS)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   24 300.0d,e
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)1 0931 4551 626b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)2.62.72.9b
    GDP per capita (current US$)90.7105.4105.3b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)60.260.260.2b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)7.47.47.4b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)32.532.532.5b
    Employment in agriculturef (% of employed)83.883.483e
    Employment in industryf (% of employed)4.13.83.5e
    Employment in servicesf (% employed)12.112.813.4e
    Unemploymentf (% of labour force)11.711.611.4e
    Labour force participation ratef (female/male pop. %)20.5 / 74.821.2 / 73.621.8 / 73.7e
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)10810297b
    International trade: exportsf (million current US$)5688531 279e
    International trade: importsf (million current US$)496525555e
    International trade: balancef (million current US$)72328724e
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateg (average annual %)2.82.72.8e
    Urban population (% of total population)39.343.245.6b
    Urban population growth rateg (average annual %)4.54.8...
    Fertility rate, totalg (live births per woman)7.16.66.1e
    Life expectancy at birthg (females/males, years)54.8 / 51.656.5 / 53.358.7 / 55.3e
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)48.2 / 4.447.2 / 4.546.0 / 4.6a
    International migrant stockf,h (000/% of total pop.)48.1 / 0.441.0 / 0.358.6 / 0.4e
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)1 489.8i1 165.02 701.8e
    Infant mortality rateg (per 1 000 live births)89.879.469.3e
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)~0.0j~0.0k...
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)16.6 / 30.1l... / ...... / ...
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)3.7 / 8.1l... / ...... / ...
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)3.2 / 6.9l... / ...... / ...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)6.913.824.4m
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internetf (per 100 inhabitants)1.2n1.82o
    Threatened species (number)128165217
    Forested areaf (% of land area)10.810.19.8p
    Energy production, primaryf (Petajoules)124129143p
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)101010p
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)000e
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)38.4 / 12.541.1 / 16.443.9 / 20.9e
Data provided by UNdata