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Environmental Governance


'States shall cooperate in a spirit of global partnership to conserve, protect and restore the health and integrity of the Earth's ecosystem. In view of the different contributions to global environmental degradation, States have common but differentiated responsibilities. The developed countries acknowledge the responsibility that they bear in the international pursuit to sustainable development in view of the pressures their societies place on the global environment and of the technologies and financial resources they command'.(Source: Rio Principle 7)

'The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities'. (Source: UNFCCC, Art. 3, 1992)


Alternative labels:
different national circumstances

In other languages

responsabilités communes mais différenciées
общая, но дифференцированная ответственность
responsabilidades comunes pero diferenciadas
مسؤوليات مشتركة رغم تباينها

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Follow up the links below to see InforMEA content related to common but differentiated responsibilities coming up from several external sources.

Multilateral environment agreements tagged with common but differentiated responsibilities

You can see below a list of multilateral environment agreements. Use the links on the right to view the content tagged with common but differentiated responsibilities. This includes official treaty texts, decisions, recommendations, and other related informational documents such as publications, annuals, meetings, documents or reports.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Stockholm Convention
Montreal Protocol
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Kyoto Protocol
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Specially Protected Areas and Biodiversity Protocol
Governing Council
Minamata Convention on Mercury


Compliance under biodiversity - related conventions - CBD

Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol