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Environmental Governance


'Compliance' means the fulfilment by the contracting parties of their obligations under a multilateral environmental agreement and any amendments to the multilateral environmental agreement (Source: Guidelines on Compliance with and Enforcement of MEAs, 2002)

The systems adopted under MEAs to promote compliance (e.g. UNFCCC compliance refers to a country/company/ individual fulfilment of his emissions and reporting commitments). The components of compliance mechanisms can be analysed into four categories: a) performance information; b) multilateral institutional procedures; c) non-compliance response measures; and d) dispute settlement procedures. (Source: Compliance mechanisms under selected MEAs, 2008 and Glossary of Int. Climate Policy Terms, Koch et al./HIIE, 2001)

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respect des dispositions

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Follow up the links below to see InforMEA content related to Compliance coming up from several external sources.

Multilateral environment agreements tagged with Compliance

You can see below a list of multilateral environment agreements. Use the links on the right to view the content tagged with Compliance. This includes official treaty texts, decisions, recommendations, and other related informational documents such as publications, annuals, meetings, documents or reports.
Basel Convention
Stockholm Convention
Montreal Protocol
Cartagena Protocol
Nagoya Protocol
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
World Heritage Convention
Kyoto Protocol
Rotterdam Convention
Barcelona Convention
Offshore Protocol
Aarhus Convention
Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution
Abidjan Convention
Jeddah Convention


What is effectiveness of MEAs

Evaluating MEAs Effectiveness - Article 16 Stockholm Convention

The Stockholm Convention Effectiveness Evaluation - process and framework

Example of behavioural effectiveness (Three aspects of effectiveness of MEAs)

Effectiveness in practice

Effectiveness of Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Enforcement, Compliance and Implementation

Obligation of effort and obligation of result

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)