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States shall develop national law regarding liability and compensation for the victims of pollution and other environmental damage. States shall also cooperate in an expeditious and more determined manner to develop further international law regarding liability and compensation for adverse effects of environmental damage caused by activities within their jurisdiction or control to areas beyond their jurisdiction.(Source: Rio Principle 13)

Subjection to a legal obligation. Liability is civil or criminal according to whether it is enforced by the civil or criminal courts. (Source: GEMET/JCU)


Alternative labels:

In other languages

responsabilité écologique
экологическая ответственность
responsabilidad ambiental
المسؤولية البيئية

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Follow up the links below to see InforMEA content related to liability coming up from several external sources.

Multilateral environment agreements tagged with liability

You can see below a list of multilateral environment agreements. Use the links on the right to view the content tagged with liability. This includes official treaty texts, decisions, recommendations, and other related informational documents such as publications, annuals, meetings, documents or reports.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Basel Convention
Cartagena Protocol
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Barcelona Convention
Prevention and Emergency Protocol
Offshore Protocol
Hazardous Wastes Protocol
Abidjan Convention
Noumea Convention
Cartagena Convention
Jeddah Convention
Bamako Convention
Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents
Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol


Presentation of the Nagoya - Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress