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Nom officiel:
Hellenic Republic
Région:

    General Information
    Region    Southern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   10 371a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   80.5a
    Capital city    Athens
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   3 154.2c,b
    UN membership date    25-Oct-45
    Surface area (km2)   131 957b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   96.4a
    National currency    Euro (EUR)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   0.8d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)296 835195 318205 327b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)-5.5-0.41.9b
    GDP per capita (current US$)27 263.518 322.919 604.5b
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)3.44.44.4b
    Economy: Industryf,g (% of Gross Value Added)16.916.414.9b
    Economy: Services and other activityh (% of GVA)79.779.280.8b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)12.412.911.7i,d
    Employment in industry (% of employed)19.614.915.2i,d
    Employment in services (% employed)6872.273.1i,d
    Unemploymenti (% of labour force)12.724.915.5d
    Labour force participation ratei (female/male pop. %)44.1 / 63.244.8 / 59.943.9 / 59.3d
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexj (2010=100)100101101d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)10210474b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)27 58628 28935 070d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)66 45347 26455 534d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)- 38 867- 18 975- 20 463d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 30 263- 1 611- 12 618d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratek (average annual %)-0.6-0.4-0.4d
    Urban population (% of total population)76.37879.4b
    Urban population growth ratek (average annual %)0.70.1...
    Fertility rate, totalk (live births per woman)1.41.31.3d
    Life expectancy at birthk (females/males, years)82.8 / 77.383.7 / 78.584.5 / 79.5d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)15.1 / 24.814.6 / 26.513.4 / 29.2a
    International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)1 321.1 / 12.11 242.9 / 11.71 340.5 / 12.9d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)57.4l37.6177.5d
    Infant mortality ratek (per 1 000 live births)3.53.32.8d
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)9.58m7.7n
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)5.966.2n
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)4o......
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)97.4 / 99.699.1 / 100.099.5 / 99.2n
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)104.4 / 108.198.4 / 105.8102.1 / 107.6n
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)106.2 / 107.699.4 / 109.1105.0 / 111.6n
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)1.60.90.9n
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)17.32321.7p
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)44.4q66.875.7b
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.6i11.2r,n
    Threatened species (number)156291527
    Forested areai (% of land area)30.330.330.3n
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)83.4 / 7.564.5 / 6.056.8 / 5.3b
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)395354301n
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)1069189n
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borderss (000)15 00723 59931 348b
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)868686d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)90.7 / ...94.0 / ...97.3 / ...d
    Net Official Development Assist. disbursedt (% of GNI)0.170.120.16u
Data provided by UNdata