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Nom officiel:
Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Région:

    General Information
    Region    Northern Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   6 958a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   4a
    Capital city    Tripoli
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 160.9b
    UN membership date    14-Dec-55
    Surface area (km2)   1 676 198b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   101.9a
    National currency    Libyan Dinar (LYD)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   1.4b
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)80 94217 66632 600b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)4.3-45.59.9b
    GDP per capita (current US$)13 060.22 752.44 810.1b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)2.50.90.9b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)7467.167.1b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)23.53232b
    Employment in agriculturec (% of employed)19.120.318.8d
    Employment in industryc (% of employed)27.522.321.7d
    Employment in servicesc (% employed)53.457.459.5d
    Unemploymentc (% of labour force)1918.918.6d
    Labour force participation ratec (female/male pop. %)33.6 / 62.934.0 / 64.833.8 / 65.2d
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100126e...
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)105100102b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)36 44010 200c66 843c,d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)17 67413 000c28 468c,d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)18 766- 2 800c38 375c,d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)16 801- 9 34611 276f
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateg (average annual %)1.30.71.4d
    Urban population (% of total population)78.179.380.4b
    Urban population growth rateg (average annual %)1.50.5...
    Fertility rate, totalg (live births per woman)2.52.42.2d
    Life expectancy at birthg (females/males, years)74.9 / 70.174.9 / 68.975.7 / 69.9d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)28.8 / 5.928.9 / 6.327.4 / 7.1a
    International migrant stockh,i (000/% of total pop.)687.2 / 11.1771.1 / 12.0826.5 / 12.0d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)11.2j471.7460.9d
    Infant mortality rateg (per 1 000 live births)17.61310.5d
    Health: Current expenditurec (% of GDP)3.66.1k...
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)2l1.92.1m
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)106.6 / 111.3n... / ...... / ...
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)106.0 / 90.2n... / ...... / ...
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)108.8 / 77.3n... / ...... / ...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)7.71616o
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internetc (per 100 inhabitants)141921.8m
    Threatened species (number)445486
    Forested areac (% of land area)0.10.10.1f
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)48.2 / 7.845.3 / 7.145.6 / 6.8f
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)4 3101 4652 905f
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)140122112f
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)34p,q......
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)000d
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)0.010.540.56b
Data provided by UNdata