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Nom officiel:
Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Région:

    General Information
    Region    Western Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   4 775a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   4.6a
    Capital city    Nouakchott
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 259.0b
    UN membership date    27-Oct-61
    Surface area (km2)   1 030 700b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   100.9a
    National currency    Ouguiya (MRU)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   36.7c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)5 6296 1677 594b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)2.65.45.9b
    GDP per capita (current US$)1 610.91 524.11 677.9b
    Economy: Agricultured (% of Gross Value Added)17.62320.8b
    Economy: Industrye,f (% of Gross Value Added)40.325.328.3b
    Economy: Services and other activityg (% of GVA)42.151.750.9b
    Employment in agricultureh (% of employed)56.953.850.6c
    Employment in industryh (% of employed)11.912.513.1c
    Employment in servicesh (% employed)31.233.736.3c
    Unemploymenth (% of labour force)9.89.89.6c
    Labour force participation rateh (female/male pop. %)28.0 / 64.528.4 / 63.128.9 / 63.0c
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)......113i,c
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)86100109b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)1 8191 8322 700h,c
    International trade: imports (million current US$)1 7083 7033 937h,c
    International trade: balance (million current US$)111- 1 872- 1 237h,c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)...-956-831b
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratej (average annual %)2.92.92.8c
    Urban population (% of total population)46.651.154.5b
    Urban population growth ratej (average annual %)4.94.8...
    Fertility rate, totalj (live births per woman)5.14.94.6c
    Life expectancy at birthj (females/males, years)63.7 / 60.165.0 / 61.466.2 / 63.0c
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)41.2 / 4.840.5 / 4.939.5 / 5.2a
    International migrant stockk,l (000/% of total pop.)84.9 / 2.4166.6 / 4.1182.3 / 3.9c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)27m77.391.8c
    Infant mortality ratej (per 1 000 live births)65.658.953.4c
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)3.44.74.6n
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)0.20.20.2n
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)2o2.3p1.9b
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)102.0 / 97.5107.0 / 102.0103.5 / 97.4b
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)19.1 / 22.4h30.3 / 32.540.4 / 38.4b
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)12.8 / 16.5h20.0 / 23.029.9 / 28.5b
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)22.125.220.3q
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Interneth (per 100 inhabitants)415.220.8r
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)......~0.0s,t,n
    Threatened species (number)5869111
    Forested area (% of land area)0.40.30.3n
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)3430h21n
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)1315h17n
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)11.211.211.2c
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)6.725.55.29b
Data provided by UNdata