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Nom officiel:
Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Région:

    General Information
    Region    Middle Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   223a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   232.7a
    Capital city    Sao Tome
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   80.1c
    UN membership date    16-Sep-75
    Surface area (km2)   964b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   100.2a
    National currency    Dobra (STN)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   20d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)197318422b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)6.73.91.3b
    GDP per capita (current US$)1 094.71 595.81 961.2b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)11.812.212.4b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)18.215.712.8b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)70.172.174.8b
    Employment in agriculturee (% of employed)24.321.118.7d
    Employment in industrye (% of employed)17.818.318.4d
    Employment in servicese (% employed)57.960.562.9d
    Unemploymente (% of labour force)14.713.513.7d
    Labour force participation ratee (female/male pop. %)41.5 / 76.241.6 / 76.141.2 / 74.0d
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100154185c
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)10186107b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)6911e,d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)112142164e,d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)-106-133-153e,d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)-88-69-60d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateg (average annual %)2.721.9d
    Urban population (% of total population)6570.273.6b
    Urban population growth rateg (average annual %)4.23.8...
    Fertility rate, totalg (live births per woman)4.84.64.4d
    Life expectancy at birthg (females/males, years)68.3 / 63.970.8 / 66.272.4 / 67.7d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)43.4 / 4.443.3 / 4.541.3 / 5.1a
    International migrant stockh (000/% of total pop.)2.7 / 1.52.4 / 1.22.1 / 1.0d
    Infant mortality rateg (per 1 000 live births)42.132.126.4d
    Health: Current expenditurei (% of GDP)6.85.36.3c
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)...0.3...
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)9.73.95.1e,c
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)116.2 / 117.0103.2 / 107.3105.0 / 108.5j
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)52.3 / 51.286.9 / 78.295.9 / 82.9j
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)17.8 / 22.664.3 / 56.478.2 / 63.0j
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)3.33.3k...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)7.318.223.6l
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)18.825.8e29.9e,j
    Threatened species (number)7081116
    Forested areae (% of land area)60.557.355.4c
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)11e1e,c
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)1314e14e,c
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)82633c
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)79.579.579.5d
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)36.3 / 21.438.6 / 23.140.1 / 24.7d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)26.1 / 18.831.1 / 24.336.1 / 30.3d
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)25.3515.4411.95b
Data provided by UNdata