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Official name:
Kingdom of the Netherlands
区域:

    General Information
    Region    Western Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   17 173a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   509.3a
    Capital city    Amsterdamc
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 140.3b
    UN membership date    10-Dec-45
    Surface area (km2)   41 543b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   99.4a
    National currency    Euro (EUR)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   0.8d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)846 555765 265907 051b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)1.321.7b
    GDP per capita (current US$)50 743.845 179.053 052.8b
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)21.91.8b
    Economy: Industryf,g (% of Gross Value Added)21.920.219.9b
    Economy: Services and other activityh (% of GVA)76.177.978.3b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)3.12.32i,d
    Employment in industry (% of employed)17.716.415.8i,d
    Employment in services (% employed)79.281.282.2i,d
    Unemploymenti (% of labour force)56.93d
    Labour force participation ratei (female/male pop. %)58.0 / 71.058.2 / 70.158.1 / 68.7d
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100109117d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)90100100b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)492 646464 697551 598d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)439 987412 644482 764d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)52 65952 05368 834d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)61 80348 54971 062d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratej (average annual %)0.40.30.2d
    Urban population (% of total population)87.190.291.9b
    Urban population growth ratej (average annual %)1.41...
    Fertility rate, totalj (live births per woman)1.71.71.7d
    Life expectancy at birthj (females/males, years)82.2 / 78.083.1 / 79.483.8 / 80.3d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)17.5 / 22.016.8 / 24.115.5 / 27.1a
    International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)1 832.5 / 11.01 996.3 / 11.82 358.3 / 13.8d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)90.1k92.5108d
    Infant mortality ratej (per 1 000 live births)4.13.52.5d
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)10.210.310l
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)33.53.7l
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)5.55.35.2m
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)108.1 / 108.5102.7 / 102.7105.2 / 105.3l
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)121.2 / 122.9134.6 / 132.6135.0 / 133.6l
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)118.4 / 115.4137.2 / 128.6140.1 / 131.8l
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)0.90.60.6l
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)4237.333.3n
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)90.7o,p91.793.3b
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)1.722.2q,r,l
    Threatened species (number)242975
    Forested area (% of land area)11.110.810.9i,l
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)170.8 / 10.3157.9 / 9.3142.8 / 8.2b
    Energy production, primarys (Petajoules)2 9792 0041 524l
    Energy supply per capitas (Gigajoules)206176178l
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)10 88315 00718 780l
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)7376.279.6d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)97.5 / 97.497.5 / 97.597.5 / 97.5d
    Net Official Development Assist. disbursedt (% of GNI)0.810.750.6m
Data provided by UNdata