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    General Information
    Region    Northern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   5 813a,b
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   137a,b
    Capital city    Copenhagen
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 333.9e,d
    UN membership date    24-Oct-45
    Surface area (km2)   42 934c,d
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   98.8a,b
    National currency    Danish Krone (DKK)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   6.1f
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)321 995302 673350 104d
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)1.92.32.8d
    GDP per capita (current US$)57 966.653 206.160 656.9d
    Economy: Agricultureg (% of Gross Value Added)1.41.11.5d
    Economy: Industryh,i (% of Gross Value Added)22.82324.2d
    Economy: Services and other activityj (% of GVA)75.875.974.3d
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)2.42.52.1k,f
    Employment in industry (% of employed)19.619.318.3k,f
    Employment in services (% employed)7878.279.6k,f
    Unemploymentk (% of labour force)7.56.24.8f
    Labour force participation ratek (female/male pop. %)59.8 / 69.157.7 / 66.458.2 / 66.2f
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexl (2010=100)100107111f
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)97101101d
    International trade: exports (million current US$)96 21794 619107 224f
    International trade: imports (million current US$)82 72485 32796 791f
    International trade: balance (million current US$)13 4929 29110 433f
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)21 05124 95326 023f
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateb,n (average annual %)0.50.50.4f
    Urban population (% of total population)86.887.588d
    Urban population growth raten (average annual %)0.70.6...
    Fertility rate, totalb,n (live births per woman)1.91.71.8f
    Life expectancy at birthb,n (females/males, years)80.8 / 76.482.2 / 78.182.7 / 78.7f
    Population age distributionb (0-14/60+ years old, %)17.9 / 23.316.8 / 24.816.3 / 26.4a
    International migrant stockb (000/% of total pop.)500.8 / 9.0595.9 / 10.5717.6 / 12.4f
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)24.5o27.347.6f
    Infant mortality rateb,n (per 1 000 live births)3.73.53.1f
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)10.310.210.1p
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)3.73.94.2p
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)8.67.6q7.8r
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)99.7 / 99.5100.8 / 102.1100.5 / 100.6p
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)120.0 / 119.0133.4 / 127.3129.7 / 129.8p
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)121.8 / 121.5148.1 / 137.6139.3 / 136.9p
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)0.81.11p
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)383839.7s
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)88.7t96.3u98d
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)2.93.13v,p
    Threatened species (number)333682
    Forested area (% of land area)13.815.615.7p
    CO2 emission estimatesw (million tons/tons per capita)47.3 / 8.532.5 / 5.728.7 / 4.9d
    Energy production, primaryw (Petajoules)974667577p
    Energy supply per capitaw (Gigajoules)147119124p
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)8 74410 42413 285d
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)88.888.888.8f
    Net Official Development Assist. disbursedx (% of GNI)0.910.850.74r
Data provided by UNdata