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    General Information
    Region    South-eastern Asia
    Population (000, 2021)   111 047a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   372.4a
    Capital city    Manila
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   13 698.9c,b
    UN membership date    24-Oct-45
    Surface area (km2)   300 000b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   100.8a
    National currency    Philippine Piso (PHP)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   48d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)199 591292 774359 354b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)7.66.15.9b
    GDP per capita (current US$)2 124.12 867.13 323.8b
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)12.310.38.3b
    Economy: Industryf,g,h (% of Gross Value Added)32.630.930.3b
    Economy: Services and other activityi (% of GVA)55.158.861.3b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)32.8j29.222.5j,d
    Employment in industry (% of employed)15.5j16.219.8j,d
    Employment in services (% employed)51.6j54.657.6j,d
    Unemploymentj (% of labour force)3.63.12.2d
    Labour force participation ratej (female/male pop. %)48.5 / 76.049.3 / 75.246.2 / 73.2d
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexk (2010=100)...107123d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)91100104b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)51 49858 64863 901j,d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)58 46870 15390 692j,d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)- 6 970- 11 505- 26 791j,d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)7 1797 26612 979d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratel (average annual %)1.71.71.4d
    Urban population (% of total population)45.346.347.1b
    Urban population growth ratel (average annual %)1.52.1...
    Fertility rate, totall (live births per woman)3.332.6d
    Life expectancy at birthl (females/males, years)73.4 / 65.874.6 / 66.275.3 / 67.1d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)34.0 / 6.532.3 / 7.329.5 / 8.9a
    International migrant stockm,n (000/% of total pop.)208.6 / 0.2211.9 / 0.2225.5 / 0.2d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)139.9o386.2376.5d
    Infant mortality ratel (per 1 000 live births)25.523.719.7d
    Health: Current expenditurep (% of GDP)4.34.34.4q
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)1.3...0.6r
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)2.5s......
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)107.1 / 108.3s110.5 / 113.997.6 / 100.6b
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)87.5 / 80.9s91.5 / 84.493.9 / 85.9b
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)78.2 / 68.183.1 / 74.379.0 / 66.9b
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)9.29.46.5q
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)2127.228t
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)2536j,u43b
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.1s0.2...
    Threatened species (number)6977671 330
    Forested area (% of land area)22.923.523.9q
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)77.1 / 0.8103.9 / 1.0132.1 / 1.2q
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)9249991 118q
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)172022q
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national bordersv (000)3 5205 3618 261b
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)41.441.641.6d
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)60.8 / 32.461.3 / 33.561.8 / 34.5d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)47.9 / 50.251.3 / 57.854.9 / 65.8d
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)0.250.150.21b
Data provided by UNdata