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Nom officiel:
Kingdom of Eswatini
Région:

    General Information
    Region    Southern Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   1 172a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   68.2a
    Capital city    Mbabanec
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   68c,d
    UN membership date    24-Sep-68
    Surface area (km2)   17 363b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   97a
    National currency    Lilangeni (SZL)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   14.6e
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)4 4394 0734 594b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)3.82.31.1b
    GDP per capita (current US$)4 168.53 689.54 001.6b
    Economy: Agriculturef (% of Gross Value Added)10.49.89.1b
    Economy: Industryg,h (% of Gross Value Added)38.737.435.4b
    Economy: Services and other activityi (% of GVA)50.952.855.4b
    Employment in agriculturej (% of employed)15.213.512.3e
    Employment in industryj (% of employed)25.324.623.5e
    Employment in servicesj (% employed)59.561.864.2e
    Unemploymentj (% of labour force)26.923.522e
    Labour force participation ratej (female/male pop. %)45.5 / 57.447.0 / 56.448.6 / 56.9e
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100135167b
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)96101101b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)1 557j1 8202 248j,e
    International trade: imports (million current US$)1 710j1 5082 076j,e
    International trade: balance (million current US$)-153j312172j,e
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)-388533255e
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratek (average annual %)0.70.71e
    Urban population (% of total population)22.523.324b
    Urban population growth ratek (average annual %)2.12.6...
    Fertility rate, totalk (live births per woman)3.63.13e
    Life expectancy at birthk (females/males, years)46.0 / 42.054.0 / 47.863.9 / 55.2e
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)40.2 / 5.639.1 / 5.737.0 / 5.7a
    International migrant stockl (000/% of total pop.)32.6 / 3.132.4 / 2.932.9 / 2.8e
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)0.8m0.92e
    Infant mortality ratek (per 1 000 live births)74.251.641.4e
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)8.676.5d
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)0.2n0.1o0.1p
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)6.17.1q...
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)118.8 / 131.0113.5 / 124.9110.1 / 119.3d
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)63.7 / 67.376.0 / 76.082.2 / 82.6p
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)49.5 / 53.961.7 / 62.171.4 / 73.0p
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)19.510.111.6r
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)13.66.29.6s
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)1125.6j30.3j,r
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)...0.3...
    Threatened species (number)293446
    Forested areaj (% of land area)28.228.628.8d
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)333329d
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)414038d
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)868873680b
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)3030.630.6e
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)82.5 / ...87.1 / ...88.7 / ...e
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)2.162.251.82b
Data provided by UNdata